The Right To Remain Informed
What are Miranda Rights, other than a culturally ubiquitous phrase many Americans can begin to recite by heart? The Miranda Rights, or Miranda warning, is a legal statement given by law enforcement officers to suspects in police custody being readied for questioning. It begins by declaring the detained’s right to silence in the absence of legal counsel, and is designed to warn detained people that their statements under detention can be considered admissible in court proceedings. While “Mirandizing” by police officers has become a routine part of day to day law enforcement dealings, it only came about as the result of an enormous court judgement that determined a precedent for the nation’s legal system.
The Story Behind Miranda Rights
As of 2017, the Miranda warning has only been in action for 51 years. Ernesto Miranda was arrested in March of 1963 and charged with the sexual assault and kidnapping of an eighteen-year-old young woman. Miranda was not informed of his right to remain silent in the absence of legal counsel at the time of his arrest or any time during his two-hour interrogation. He signed a typed confession in the confines of the Phoenix Police Department, all without seeing or speaking to a lawyer.
The sentencing trial and later appeals brought with them the pivotal change in the procedure now employed daily. While Miranda was still originally sentenced to 20-30 years in jail due to both his confession and circumstantial evidence, it was then that Alvin Moore, Miranda’s lawyer, pointed out the failure of the arresting officers to read Miranda his right to stay silent to avoid self-incrimination. Moore heavily emphasized this point again during an appeal the year following Miranda’s original sentencing. Moore’s point of appeal was hotly contested, but ultimately, Miranda’s case was thrown out and the sentence overturned.
The court argued that Moore’s point stood, and that the admissions by Miranda could not be legal under the 5th Amendment clause against self-incrimination without legal counsel available. Furthermore, his admissions of guilt could not be legal under the 6th amendment clause asserting the legal right to an attorney, as he did not know he was legally entitled to a lawyer to begin with.
The Aftermath Of Miranda V. Arizona
Miranda v. Arizona not only let Ernesto Miranda leave a free man (at least initially, though he went back to jail after being tried again under legal counsel and found guilty,) but set a precedent nationwide that all law enforcement officers must abide by. While other factors like severe intellectual deficits and language barriers still present issues in egalitarian law enforcement, the Miranda Rights remain an important first step towards protecting citizens from self-incrimination by equipping them with the knowledge of their 6th amendment rights.
The Right To Remain Informed
If you are wondering who Banksy is, stop your questioning right now. No one knows who Banksy is at the moment. This graffiti artist is based in England and also directs films and is politically active. Banksy could be one person or a group. One of the oldest Banksy rumors cited that “he” is actually a girl from a town in Alameda County, California, but no one really knows. There are plenty of theories about who Banksy is that are fun to explore.
Banksy creates street art that is often satirical in nature. The art is subversive and is a blend of black humor and graffiti that is executed in a distinctive technique of stenciling. You know when you see Banksy art. You can find it on walls, buildings, streets, and bridges and it is usually laced with social commentary.
Banksy’s art is considered underground and was supposedly inspired by the band Massive Attack. Some people think that one of the members of Massive Attack is actually Banksy. Banksy art has been spotted all over the world and there have been numerous exhibitions. People really want to know who Banksy is and there are always going to be lots of fictional accounts of seeing Banksy that are usually more fantastical than who Banksy really is.
Banksy art has an enduring appeal that commands huge prices and the prices keep going up and often sell for way over their reserve price. Banksy has won all sorts of awards and has produced videos that show artwork being painted and trips to various destinations. If you are interested in art and don’t about Banksy then you need to take a look at this groundbreaking art.
Art helps you see things in different ways and helps to open your eyes about what is going on in the world. Banksy art is very provocative and it hits you like a club. You can learn a lot from looking at Banksy art and it can help you learn more about the world.
It is probably better than nobody knows who Banksy it. It makes the art even more exciting and the secrecy leads to so many creative possibilities about who Banksy might be. The theories are going to always be there and maybe the identity of Banksy will be revealed at some point in time. Until then, people can enjoy trying to figure out who or what Banksy is and continue to enjoy the art no matter where it is found.
In this article, we will discuss the life of the woman named Lucretia Mott. Born in the year of 1793, Lucretia was an American Quaker, as well as a women’s rights activist and abolitionist.
Born Lucretia Coffin in Nantucket, Massachusetts, Lucretia was believed (as did the majority of Quakers) that slavery was evil. Because of this belief, she abstained from items that were produced by slaves. In the year of 1821, Lucretia Mott became a Quaker minister, and in her sermons, she frequently mentioned her belief in abolishing slavery. In fact, the American Anti-Slavery Society was formed in part by herself and her husband, James Mott.
Lucretia Mott was known for budgeting for her household in such a way that hospitality could be extended to guests that included fugitive slaves. As an active abolitionist, she and other activists that were female would raise funding and awareness through the use of anti-slavery fairs.
Not only did Lucretia Mott fight for the rights of enslaved individuals, she fought for the rights of women. The activists for women’s rights that included herself advocated a plethora of issues such as women’s rights to their earnings, their property, and even their rights toward equality in the marriage arrangement. During the time that Lucretia Mott lived in, divorce for any reason was very unusual. And if a divorce was granted, the father was nearly always granted custody of any children the marriage had produced. This was something that women’s rights activists fought to change.
Lucretia Mott was a pacifist, which means that she believed in peace without the use of violence. One of the issues that she was passionate about was ending war and violence. In the year of 1866, the Universal Peace Union was formed and Lucretia Mott had a strong part to play within this organization.
Lucretia Mott and her husband’s work influenced her children’s lives. The surviving five grew up to follow in the path of their parents when it came to reform movements and anti-slavery sentiments. After a long and fruitful life, Lucretia Mott died of pneumonia in her Pennsylvania home in the year of 1880. She left this world with a reputation that stretched far and wide as being the greatest American woman who lived in the nineteenth century. Lucretia Mott was truly a remarkable woman who faced many battles with the society in which she lived. We can all certainly learn a lot from the works of this remarkable woman.
The LGBT community has long been working on its image and what it can do to promote the rights of everyone.
This is something they have spoken of every step of the way whether it is as press conferences, events, parades, or any other location. This is the power of a good activist and what they can bring to the table for a group of people. So, who are the leaders in the LGBT community who are well-regarded for all that they have done?
There are a few of them and here are the ones you are going to hear about.
1) Laverne Cox
Yes, the famous transwoman who has become renowned for her work in “Orange is the New Black” continues to stamp her foot down on those who don’t fight for her people.
She is well-regarded for her work and is often seen speaking at large events.
She is often seen talking about key events in the community and what everyone should stand for as the world progress.
3) Dan Savage
It was a few years ago when Dan Savage and his husband decided it was time to help the youth who were going through with living in a society that wasn’t welcoming.
The project is called “It Gets Better” and revolves on spreading the word to the youth that society will get better and is getting better with time. This has helped thousands of children who are coping with things they find difficult to discuss.
These are the main LGBT activists who have gone a long way in promoting their image and helping people out who are in this situation. They are spreading the word about the rights of those who are in the LGBT community. Without these activists, it wouldn’t have been like it is right now whether it has to do with legal rights or general rights.
These LGBT activists are people who have put in the effort for those who need it the most and continue to do so to this day.
2) George Takei
The famous Star Trek actor has revealed himself as a gay man and often talks about the rights of the LGBT community.
In fact, his social media accounts are seen promoting positive content, and he loves spreading the message. In his eyes, the platform that has been afforded to him is a great way to spread the world and help people understand the plights of those in the LGBT community. You can watch a video of him speaking at USF Tampa below:
Nelson Mandela has many different claims to fame. Most notably, he was a struggle icon and revolutionary against apartheid that plagued the Republic of South Africa for many years. He studied and practiced law before and during his years as a political activist.
As a result, he served 27 years in prison for acts of treason that he entered into primarily as the leader of the ANC (African National Congress) which at the time was a national liberation movement and has since become the ruling political party in South Africa. His sentence was later declared wrongful incarceration. 18 years of his incarceration were spent on Robben Island where he continued his education.
After this he was sent to Paulsmoor Prison with a number of his struggle comrades from where the process of negotiating peace and the end of apartheid began. He would complete his sentence under house arrest while continuing his efforts to attain equal rights for all citizens of South Africa.
This not only resulted in the abolition of the repressive apartheid structure but also awarded him the Nobel Peace Prize in conjunction with then President FW De Klerk who negotiated the peace process with Mr. Mandela.
After the first free elections in 1994, Mandela was voted in as President of the country for 5 years at the age of 84 years. During this time, he implemented many reforms to the government until he stepped down in 1999.
But his work as a human rights activist did not stop there except that his focus changed mainly in the direction of promoting the value of education. He was a philanthropist who started many of his own charities to promote education as well as health care for children and the poverty stricken, previously disadvantaged population of South Africa and those around the world.
He is also the only person who has had a day dedicated to his efforts to promote peace and reconciliation, gender and race equality, protection of human rights and much more. His birthday, 18 July was declared International Nelson Mandela day in 2009 by the UN Assembly. Every year on this day, people around the world are asked to find ways in which they can positively impact their own communities.
The import of the day was also extended to include the promotion of humane treatment of prisoners across the world as part of the UN resolution through the revision of the Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners.
Nelson Mandela passed away on the 5th of December 2005 and will be dearly remembered for all his work by people across the world.
Jackie Robinson broke the baseball color barrier and became the very first African-American to play on a Major League sports team. He was the youngest of five children and was born on January 31, 1919. In 1945, he signed a contract to actually play for the Kansas City Monarchs. According to Kansas City lawyers and historians, He was paid around $400 per month to play shortstop for the team and he made the all-star team that year.
He eventually made his Major League debut on April 15, 1947, at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, New York. It was on this day when he broke down the color line and became the very first African-American baseball player in the entire league’s history. That same year, he ended up winning Rookie of the Year by batting .297 and hitting 12 home runs.
He went on to have an incredible career and even won the National League batting title along with leading the league in stolen bases in 1949 that very same year. He went on to win the National Leagues Most Valuable Player (MVP) award in 1949. He then went on to play himself in a biopic based on his life which released in 1950. Throughout this entire career, he ended up playing in 6 different World Series but only ended up winning once against the Yankees in 1955. He retired from baseball at age 37 in 1956 due to experiencing negative effects from diabetes.
Along with becoming the first African American baseball player, he ended up becoming the very first African-American vice president of a major American Corporation when he became the vice president of personnel for Chock Full O’ Nuts coffee. To add to that, he even became the first African American TV sports analyst in 1965. Along with this, he ended up cofounding the Freedom National Bank which is a black owned and operated bank that started in Harlem.
He was seen as a major figure throughout the entire Civil Rights Movement. He ended up being elected to Baseball’s Hall of Fame during his first year of eligibility in 1962. He kept up with the trend of being the first African American inducted into the league’s Hall of Fame in Cooperstown.
Jackie Robinson was one of and remains the most historical African American figure in sports history as he truly broke down barriers and made a social impact beyond belief throughout his entire life.
Colin Kaepernick has made a name for himself in the world of football and civil rights. This outspoken activist works hard for social change and shocked the world when he refused to stand during the national anthem before his football games.
His friends say that he had been thinking about civil rights issues his whole life. He is biracial and grew up in a predominantly white city. He had a talent for football at a young age, but the teams he played on were made up of mostly white players. He managed to blend in well, thanks to his friendly and outgoing personality and impressive talent for football.
Colin Kaepernick wants to make a difference and the civil rights platform is the right platform that can help him get his views across. People listen to him thanks to his fame as a football player. Children love him and he inspires them to be the best they can be no matter what type of circumstance they are living in.
Being black is hard, and being poor and black is harder, but Colin Kaepernick inspires needy children to rise up and do better for their community. He believes that blacks need to act more like brothers and help each other in the community instead of fighting and tearing each other down.
He believes racism is wrong and that society needs to stop treating blacks like they are not people. He believes that the police force needs to stop profiling young black men and that people need to come together to fight racism. He is making a change and believes that other people can step up and make a change as well.
Colin Kaepernick believes in peaceful protest and feels that people can make a stand against racism without having to resort to violence. He is a deep thinker who is using his platform as a famous football player to help other people in whatever way that he can. He has started a Know Your Rights Camp in Chicago for disadvantaged youth and funds, attends, and organizes the camps on his own.
Colin Kaepernick has hosted these camps in multiple cities and the camp covers topics like history, legal rights, how to eat right and how to properly manage your finances. He hopes that his camp is going to raise awareness for the youth and that they will be more empowered.
Our country has been shaped and strengthened by the work of civil rights activists, especially those in Albany. Below, you’ll find information on some of the US civil rights activists that had a major impact in the 20th century.
While Parks is best known for refusing to give up her bus seat in 1955, she was involved in the Civil Rights Movement for many years before that. She became the secretary of the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP in 1943, and was involved in a number of protests and investigations during this time.
After Parks was arrested for breaking segregation laws, she became the face of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The bus boycott lasted 381 days, but was eventually a success.
Parks continued her activism after the boycotts ended. In the 1980s, she used the money she had gained from speaking fees to launch the Rosa L. Parks Scholarship Foundation.
Martin Luther King Jr.
The name “Martin Luther King Jr.” has become synonymous with civil rights. In the 1960s, King made himself the face of the Civil Rights Movement. He made many major speeches, and he was present at a number of landmark protests. King was even awarded the Nobel Peace Prize because of his nonviolent protests.
Unfortunately, the opposition against King was strong. In 1968, King was assassinated by James Earl Ray. Although King passed away at the young age of 39, he was able to accomplish a great deal. He remains one of the most significant civil rights figures of modern times.
Harvey Milk was the first openly gay politician in the United States. He used his political power to advocate for LGBT groups. He sponsored a civil rights bill that banned discrimination based on a person’s sexual orientation, and he encouraged the LGBT community to become more politically visible.
While Milk fought on behalf of LGBT groups, he also advocated for other marginalized members of society. He worked to provide free child care and public transportation to poor members of the community. He also fought against police discrimination.
Tragically, Milk was assassinated by Dan White, a political figure that was strongly opposed to Milk’s policies. Milk was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009.
Many people have contributed to the US Civil Rights Movement over the years. While not every figure is as famous as the activists listed above, a large number of people have worked to make the United States a better place for everyone.
In this article, we will cover what the NAACP is and what this means for the people it supports. The NAACP was created to ensure that colored people could be treated fairly. It is centered around educating people and abolishing discrimination. The civil rights movement was highly influenced by the NAACP. They operate under the belief that African-Americans deserve equal rights in politics, education, and other areas where there was once (and still some) racial discrimination. During the time of the civil rights movement, colored people suffered many injustices such as police brutality, segregation, and much more.
The formation of this organization took place during the year of 1909. This was one year after the race riot in Springfield, Illinois. The date the organization was officially established was designed to coincide with the 100th year anniversary of the birth of President Abraham Lincoln. On May 30th, 1909 the Niagara Movement conference took place. They organized over 40 individuals that began to identify as the National Negro Committee. The NAACP was then, and is still now, the largest organization for the equality of all people.
During the early years of the NAACP, they were based in the state of New York. They also worked very hard in the south as well due to the fact that Jim Crow Laws and other disenfranchisement was in place to make discrimination more prominent. Jim Crow was a statue that allowed the law to discriminate against black individuals legally, making it very hard to combat this type of oppression. The NAACP worked for decades to do away with lynching laws. The NAACP filed many civil suits that eventually led to the desegregation we now have today. As they began to become more organized with the lawsuits they filed and the movements they pushed for, they began to see more and more success.
The NAACP was responsible for the majority of the equality that we see today. The NAACP also has a long history of documents and legal action they had to take to reach the goals that they have successfully reached. Today, the NAACP has a youth education program to help young people understand how desegregation was achieved and this organization also has programs for young people to get involved in. They represent all types of oppression today such as gay rights, Jewish equality, and much more. Despite the criticism they still face as an organization they continue to move forward in reaching their goals.
Most people can name at least one Martin Luther King Jr. quote. However, a lot of the man’s best quotes do not get the kind of recognition that they deserve. Read on to learn more about his most important speeches and statements.
Letter from Birmingham Jail
After Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested for protesting in 1963, he spent time in a jail in Birmingham, Alabama. While he was there, he published an open letter that advocated for civil disobedience.
Today, the letter is considered to be one of Martin Luther King Jr’s most important works. The letter contains many of his most famous quotes, including “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere” and King’s criticisms of the white moderates that failed to support his cause. The letter also contains praise for the nonviolent protestors that were fighting for civil rights in Birmingham despite the risk of imprisonment.
The “I Have A Dream Speech”
Martin Luther King Jr. gave a number of memorable speeches over the course of his life, but none are as memorable as the speech he delivered at the Lincoln Memorial in 1963. The speech was delivered 100 years after the Emancipation Proclamation freed millions of slaves. In his speech, King claimed that “the Negro still is not free.”
The best-known portion of the speech is the title; it’s rare to encounter a person in the United States that is unfamiliar with the “I have a dream” refrain. Today, this is considered to be one of the greatest speeches of all time.
The Nobel Peace Prize Acceptance Speech
In 1964, King became the youngest man ever to win the Nobel Peace Prize. He was only 35 when the award was bestowed upon him. King chose to donate the entirety of his prize to the Civil Rights movement.
During the speech, King acknowledged that the Civil Rights movement had still not attained the peace that they were fighting for. He described the movement as “beleaguered.” He also talked about the importance of avoiding violence and oppression when trying to fight against violence and oppression.
Although Martin Luther King Jr.’s life was tragically cut short, his words had an incredible impact on the world today. His influence can still be felt in cities all across the United States, from Philadelphia, to Houston, to Oakland. Because of the speeches King made, many people were able to gain rights they did not have previously. When you look at his best quotes, you can see why he was such an important figure in the Civil Rights movement.